By Matthew J. Barbour
Manager, JEMEZ AND CORONADO HISTORIC SITES
The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 was a pivotal event in New Mexico history. Under the guidance of a religious leader, Popay, Pueblo peoples of the Northern Rio Grande united and with their Apache and Ute allies drove out the Spanish. The center of this conflict focused on the siege of Santa Fe, which lasted for about eight days between August 13 and August 21.
During the siege, residents of the villa and surrounding communities retreated into the Palace of the Governors. Water to the Palace came by way of an acequia, which was cut off by Pueblo warriors surrounding the settlement. Governor Antonio de Otermín rallied the Spaniards and sallied forth to retake the village. However, he met with staunch resistance. After a hard-fought battle, Otermín drove the Pueblo warriors back but failed to destroy their forces. Fearing what might happen if he stayed in Santa Fe, Otermín collected the Spanish settlers and retreated south to El Paso.