Friends of the Library Fundraiser and Annual Membership Tea

Friends of the Library Fundraiser and Annual Membership Tea will take place On September 24th in the Village Conference Room at 2 p.m. and will feature a presentation by Matthew Barbour, DCA, Regional Manager for Coronado and Jemez Historic Sites on Native American Conquistadors:  The Mesoamerican Conquest of the New World.
Please join us for this wonderful presentation and celebration.  Tea and refreshments will be served afterwards.

The Many Cultures of Conquest

 By Matthew J. Barbour


Photo by Matthew Barbour.

Ranger Ortega works on installing new Indios Amigos display at Coronado Historic Site. 

Since opening in 1940, Coronado Historic Site has interpreted the impacts of the Coronado Expedition on the discovery and colonization of New Mexico. The core exhibit begins with an overview of Pueblo life followed by the arrival of the “Spanish” in 1540 and later settlement. These “Spanish” are projected as being of Western European descent and of the Catholic faith, but were they?

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 Looking Beyond the Oxymoronic Past of Coronado Historic Site through Field Work


Photo: Shelley Thompson

Coronado Historic Site Ranger/Researcher Ethan Ortega accepts prestigious Cordell-Powers Prize at 2017 Pecos Conference.  

Coronado Historic Site Researcher/Ranger Ethan Ortega was awarded first prize in the prestigious Cordell-Powers competition at the 2017 Pecos Conference for his research at Coronado Historic Site.

After proclaiming itself as the authority on Middle Rio Grande Pueblo culture and first European contact, the “facts” printed on monument panels are being rewritten.  Ranger Ortega’s presentation was entitled: False Truths, Restored Ruins, and New Artifacts: Looking Beyond the Oxymoronic Past of Coronado Historic Site through Field Work.

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New Mexico Culture Squared (NMC2) Presents Los Luceros FREE Harvest Festival

By Mary Ann Hatchitt 

Photo: NM Department of Cultural Affairs. 

Historic Los Luceros.

New Mexico Culture Squared (NMC2), a program of the New Mexico Department of Cultural Affairs, will present a Harvest Festival and a free outdoor concert at the Los Luceros Historic Site in Alcalde on Sunday, September 17, 2017 from 9:00AM to 3:00PM.

This FREE event includes a farmers’ market, apple harvest activities, cider-making, tours of the sites, serenaded tours of the orchard, many other family-friendly activities on the stunning Los Luceros Historic Property.  Musical entertainment will be provided Lone Piñon, an acoustic trio from New Mexico whose music celebrates their region’s cultural diversity.

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Ten Important Spanish Battles of the 16th Century

By Matthew J. Barbour, Regional Manager


Sack of Antwerp.

Most living in the United States and in Latin America recognize the military accomplishments of the Spanish conquistadors.  Whether good or bad, these men triumphed over some amazing odds. However, these successes were part of a larger “golden age” in the 1500s during which the Spanish military triumphed over nearly every foe they encountered. Many of these events are overlooked today, but at the time had major political and cultural ramifications. Here are ten important Spanish battles of the sixteenth century.

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The Planned Destruction of the Nation’s Past, Present and Future

By R.W.

Photo by Laurascudder – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,

Monarch Cave Ruin cliff dwelling on Comb Ridge

Fossil-fuel corporate polluters, represented by  Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke, are reaching their soiled, grasping mitts on vast areas of natural wonder that define this country, this continent, areas that hold  deep historic and cultural meaning as well as enduring habitats, endangered monuments to this country’s earliest human habitation , and also monuments to its natural diversity, linking our past and present, and linking a wide variety of biospheres.

President Donald Trump described the removal of secessionist war leaders statues as destroying  the nation’s history and culture. “Sad to see the history and culture of our great country being ripped apart with the removal of our beautiful statues and monuments. So foolish! Also the beauty that is being taken out of our cities, towns and parks will be greatly missed and never able to be comparably replaced!” he said.

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New MexicoTribes Receive $660,000 for Historic Preservation


U.S. Deputy Secretary of the Interior David Bernhardt with the National Park Service today announced the distribution of $341,169 in historic preservation grants to New Mexico as well as $322,404 for historic preservation grants to eleven Tribal Historic Preservation Offices in the state. This funding, part of $25.5 million going to states and tribes across the country today, represents a total of$58 million that the National Park Service has invested in the preservation efforts to every U.S. state, the District of Columbia, the U.S. territories, and partnering nations this year.

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Judith Isaacs Presents Rock Art of Utah

By Judith Isaacs
Many of you know that Southwest archaeology has been my hobby for many years. Starting in the 1980s, John and I hiked hundreds of miles to seek out Ancestral Puebloan ruins and rock art throughout the Four Corners, mostly in SE Utah. Please join me in the Jemez Springs Presbyterian Church Sanctuary on Saturday, Aug. 19, at 2 p.m. for a program titled “Rock Art of Utah” sponsored by Friends of the Library.  I will share photos and stories of some of my favorite sites.
Hope to see you there –- and bring a friend. 

Please note location change from earlier announcement: from the library conference room to Jemez Springs Presbyterian Church Sanctuary.  Same time and day:  2 p.m. Saturday.


By R.W.

Mountain Fish.

When I hear the Jemez speak their amazing sounding language I can rarely separate a single word from the flow, let alone catch any of the meaning of what is being said. I have once or twice been coached, by bored Jemez looking for distraction, to utter simple greetings or pronounce the odd name place, only to have my attempts greeted with either puzzlement or total amusement.

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History Museum Explores Turn-of-the-Century Syria in a Post-ISIS World

By Jennifer Padilla



As Syria’s ongoing civil war, staggering death toll, and displacement of thousands of refugees threatens to destroy Syrian culture, the Palace of the Governors will display seven albums of photographs of historic sites in Syria taken between 1899 and 1909. Entitled Syria: Cultural Patrimony Under Threat, the exhibition will include multi-functional information kiosks with insights into Syrian people and culture. The exhibition opens Friday, June 23 and runs through December 2017.

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Watch Archaeologists Hand Excavate Kuaua Pueblo Site

By Jennifer Padilla

Photo Alex Cedillos. Kiva ladder at Coronado Historic Site.

The live dig started yesterday and will continue until Sept. 30, 2017.


New Mexicans have a rare opportunity to watch archaeologists on a live dig at the Coronado Historic Site off U.S. 550 in Bernalillo. The Dig Kuaua! handexcavation of the Kuaua Pueblo will be performed by the Office of Archaeological Studies from May 15 through June 30, 2017. Members of the Friends of Coronado Historic Site group can even participate alongside the archaeologists.

“This dig has the potential of yielding hundreds if not thousands of artifacts,” said Matthew J. Barbour, Regional Manager, Coronado and Jemez Historic Sites. “The hand-excavation will focus test units throughout Kuaua Pueblo and the surrounding refuse piles called ‘middens.’ Architecture dating to the 1500s will also be unearthed.”

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Bandelier Seeking Youth Work Crew Applicants

By Chris Judson
NPS Photo  Bandelier Preservation Corps crew with National Park Service preservationists
 For several summers, crews of young people have done valuable service for Bandelier National Monument, working on trails, archeological sites, and other projects.  The Bandelier Conservation Corps and the Bandelier Preservation Corps are organized through the Rocky Mountain Youth Corps and supervised by park staff. Both crews are now seeking applicants for this summer.

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New Film Production Starting Up This Month


The television pilot “Scalped” produced by Horizon Scripted Television, Inc., will begin principal photography for the month of April in Santa Fe, Pojoaque and Laguna Pueblo. “This is a particularly unique project dealing with modern day challenges and issues of cultural identity in Native American communities.

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Fire in the Jemez

By Thomas W. Swetnam, Regents’ Professor of Dendrochronology, Emeritus



Photo: Archeology Southwest.

The Jemez Mountains are “the poster child” of wildfire problems in the Southwestern U.S. Residents recall too well the evacuations of Los Alamos during the 2000 Cerro Grande and 2011 Las Conchas Fires. They also recall the enormous plumes of smoke rising over our mountains, the loss of hundreds of homes, and the burned-out forest landscapes that are now slowly recovering. The long-term history of the Jemez, however, includes a rich interplay of humans, forests and fires spanning many centuries. Despite what we have witnessed in recent decades, for the most part, the long-term history is one of co-existence — of people and fire living together, sustainably.

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Publishing the Past: The 1965 Excavations at Giusewa Pueblo

By Matthew J. Barbour


Photo Archaeological Society of New Mexico

Rooms excavated at Jemez Historic Site in 1965.


Through the centuries, Jemez Historic Site’s Giusewa Pueblo has been excavated by numerous archaeologists. The collections in Santa Fe are full of pottery, flaked stone, and other archaeological materials recovered at the site. However, very few research reports discuss Giusewa in any great detail. While lots of archaeological work was conducted, very little has ever been published. This is beginning to change.

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Fee Free Presidents Day and Other Events at Bandelier

By Chris Judson


NPS Photo

Mesas in the Tsankawi section of Bandelier National Monument

Looking for an inexpensive way to get into the outdoors on the Presidents Day holiday on Monday?  Perfect – it’s a Fee Free Day at Bandelier National Monument and other National Park Service areas across the country, which means no entrance fees are charged.

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The Siege of Santa Fe

By Matthew J. Barbour




The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 was a pivotal event in New Mexico history. Under the guidance of a religious leader, Popay, Pueblo peoples of the Northern Rio Grande united and with their Apache and Ute allies drove out the Spanish. The center of this conflict focused on the siege of Santa Fe, which lasted for about eight days between August 13 and August 21.


During the siege, residents of the villa and surrounding communities retreated into the Palace of the Governors. Water to the Palace came by way of an acequia, which was cut off by Pueblo warriors surrounding the settlement. Governor Antonio de Otermín rallied the Spaniards and sallied forth to retake the village. However, he met with staunch resistance. After a hard-fought battle, Otermín drove the Pueblo warriors back but failed to destroy their forces. Fearing what might happen if he stayed in Santa Fe, Otermín collected the Spanish settlers and retreated south to El Paso.


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Indios Amigos: Mesoamerican Auxiliaries in the Spanish Conquest of North America


By Matthew J. Barbour

Manager, Coronado and Jemez Historic Sites



In the last two decades, the public has begun to realize that the Coronado Expedition to New Mexico consisted primarily of Mesoamerican Indians. Roughly 3,000 strong, these men are often referred to by the Spanish as indios amigos (or friendly Indians). However, modern descriptions and depictions of these Nahuatl speaking peoples remain problematic. They are often referred to as porters or slaves. They are relegated to a passive role which satisfies the perception of an unrelenting Spanish hunger for glory. This is simply untrue, not just in terms of these Mesoamericans’ contributions to New Mexico, but rather their collective role in the conquests of the New World as whole.


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